UNESCO considers that the scientific and technological progresses must be placed in a context of ethical reflection rooted in the cultural, legal, philosophical and religious heritage of the various human communities. Thus, emphasis is put on climate change, water and related ecosystems. It also emphasize setting standards and legal instruments especially through work on International Hydrological Programme, (IHP) Man and the Biosphere (MAB) etc. 

In the natural science programme, the NATCOM recognizes the role of science and technological advancement dealing with the challenges of the present and the future especially for the management of our environment and coexistence with nature.  To this end the major strategic objective of the science programme lays heavily on strengthening science, technology and innovation systems and policies nationally, regionally and globally.( More: Science based activities in the Gambia)